- Shanjo A. Kithan
B.Arch. Thesis: Eco-Tourist Hub of KHONOMA Village,
By Shanjo A. Kithan, ITM University-Gwalior
Guide- Ar. Ms. Jai Belpthak Shejwalkar
Eco-tourism is one such activities which provide a solution by creating awareness and concern for the environment among both the tourist and local people of the region.
The brief of the concept is to design an eco-tourism hub for the region of KHONOMA (Asia’s first green village) and the proximity near the region. Keeping in mind the local traditions, culture, art and Architecture.The design brief put an emphasis on the articulation of said traditions and their interpretation in modern times without losing the essence of the vernacularity.
HORNBILL International Festival which is being celebrated for 10 days every year near this proximity which also creates a benchmark of this village.
This thesis talks about vernacular settlement which can achieve sustainability through planning, orientation, materials and architectural practices evolved from long time due to the socioeconomic, climatic and environmental factors of the Region.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
•To create an opportunity to the local people as well as for the tourist to get the essence of the context, keeping alive the essence of the context.
•To design a better vision for tomorrow by keeping the Essence of the local regional context.
•Reprioritize the usage of the site based on the needs of the site demands.
•To make the space a centre of public interaction and activities that reflects the people of the region.
•To engage the people by creating a hub in the village where they can learn, educate and understand each other.
•To make use of the site’s assets in terms of creating a landmark for the urban fabric of Kohima people as well.
DESIGN CONCEPT /APPROACH
The main challenge of the design was the site, having an area of 92268sq.m. and facing NORTH to EAST direction also having contour difference of 40 meter. Main approach is to analyse with the existing contour and play with the levels. The existing site having contour along the river stream and the bridge is the only approach to the site.
Considering all the challenges, the design was to make ‘imperfect’ spaces with organic dynamism like villages.
With the start of the design development every space and area of the site were divided from part to whole. where every part of the space were defined according the use of the function like the open weekly market, food stall, craft shop ,museum ,library, OAT, Workshop area and the Accommodation unit which were segregated from each other but it was connected according to the function and use of the space.
Every function of the spaces were connected as per the user’s inferences. The general restaurant was at the core of the main area, the open market area was segregated totally from those main activities like the library, museum, workshop area, OAT and the Museum.
Although they are two different things we sense their interrelationship and emotional bond. Something very organic yet dynamic to be expressed by the site. The environment to be very vernacular with use of the roof of MORUNG style keeping alive the essence of the Region.
The Morung (or the traditional community house) at Khonoma Village. Acting as an educational institution, A Morung is where youngsters would gain their first few lessons of cultural & traditional knowledge through folk music, dance, folk tales and oral traditions. During the time of war, they were also used as a guard-house. Design used the symbolism of that area through Morung.
VERNACULAR OF THE REGION
1.Use of the materials
2.local Materials, local skills, local technique.
3.Keeping alive the essence of the village.
4. Implementing new technique design in terms of architectural thoughts, spaces, functions and purpose of the area.
5. New modern technologies design without losing the essence of the region.